Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Current cybersecurity policy issues for the protection of...

ABSTRACT Over the past twenty years, the Internet’s role in our lives has grown to an everyday necessity. We rely on the Internet to communicate within the scope of our employment and social lives, to conduct our banking and bill paying, we even use it to track our personal property. There is hardly one area of our lives that we can not conduct over the Internet. While the Internet is a convenience that has made our lives easier, it has also opened the door in our lives to a vulnerability that is rapidly being exploited by cyber criminals. Cyber crimes are growing at an exponential rate in the United States and we, the consumers/end users are unaware of the liabilities a simple click on the wrong button can cause. This paper will†¦show more content†¦CURRENT END USER LIABILITIES During your part in combating cyber attacks will help policy makers address the limitations of ongoing actions against malicious traffic and determine how to implement incentives for ISPs, compan ies and software developers to report cyber attacks (Organization For Economic Co-Operation and Development, 2008). Everyone has a responsibility, end-users included. End-users range from home PCs to corporate web servers, they are the typical target of malicious traffic (OECD, 2008). As an IT Auditor, I found that end-user contributed substantially to cyber attacks, being intentionally or unintentionally. Internet policies are put in place to define the specific actions and guidelines that should be followed within the operations of the company. However, end-users rarely take heed to these polices, due to their lack of duty to security. End-users failure to take interest in the security of their systems creates negative externalities for their companies, however, they are not held liable. One of the biggest liabilities caused by end-users is the failure to attend security awareness training. This results in the end-user not being able to identify when vulnerabilities exist. For example, a user logs onto the system and a message stating that Windows updates are ready to be installed. She ignores it andShow MoreRelatedImportance of Cyber Security1744 Words   |  7 Pagescyberspace. It’s encompassed in everything we deliver in our daily lives, our phones, internet, communication, purchases, entertainment, flying airplane, launching missiles, operating nuclear plants, and implicitly, our protection. The more ever-growing technology empower Americans, the more they become prey to cyber threats. The United States Executive Office of the President stated, â€Å"The President identified cybersecurity as one of the top priorities of his administration in doing so, directed a 60-dayRead MoreThe Department Of Homeland Security Supplies A National Protection Plan1528 Words   |  7 PagesThe Department of Homeland Security supplies a national protection plan concerning critical infrastructure security. This plan targets a wide audience, including public and private critical infrastructure owners and administrators. Managing risks through identifying, deterring, and disrupting threats to critical infrastructure is the direct focus of this plan. The ability of an organization to reduce the impact of a threat that has occurred and reducing the impact of one that may occur is essentialRead MoreCybersecurity Essay1428 Words   |  6 Pages US Policy Formation on Cybersecurity As the aforementioned economic sphere requires international cooperation, so does the military sphere, as cybersecurity attacks on military targets are non-geographical. This causes territorial division of responsibility to wither in importance. The US must cooperate with foreign law enforcement agencies to resolve cybersecurity concerns (Harknett Stever, 2011, p. 456). Therefore, the US cannot rely solely on domestic policy formation to address cybersecurityRead MoreThe Government Intervention And Its Effect On National Security1203 Words   |  5 Pageseverything we do today. From the privacy of your home to the office you occupy daily or from how services such as gas and water are delivered to us. What began with the Industrial Revolution has now progressed into what is now the Digital Revolution. Cybersecurity is one of many important elements when it comes to information security and how to protect it. From the laws and regulations to who is ultimately responsible and the one to assume responsibility when breaches take place. Whether it is the governmentRead MoreImpact Of Cybercrime Today : Government And Private Industry Through Information Sharing Methods1354 Words   |  6 Pagescybercrime today is forcing government and security agencies to place focus on cybersecurity within government, private, and public sectors. In 2015, the administration intends to pass legislation to strengthen cybersecurity across the U.S. government and private industry through information sharing methods. Contradictory controversy exists whether the government may dictate how the private industry should carry out their cybersecurity, if so, is it effective? Over the last several years, the governmentRead MoreNuclear Facilities Are Among The Most Highly Secured Infrastructure1592 Words   |   7 Pagesthe most highly secured infrastructure in the nation. As analog system and instruments are becoming obsolete, the nuclear industry is starting to implement new digital systems throughout different facilities. In order to lower the risks of physical and cyber-attacks, nuclear facilities are adopting strict protection policy and practices. Despite the implementation of these safety measures, digital instruments and computer-based systems associated with physical protection system and control systemRead MoreThe Current State Of Our Cybersecurity Infrastructure2731 Words   |  11 Pages In recent year’s law and policy makers have expressed alarm at the exponentially growing threat of malicious traffic that has been traveling across the Internet. While most agree that something needs to be done, consensus falls apart around the issues pertaining to cybersecurity policies, laws and enforcement. This policy paper will briefly discuss the current state of our cybersecurity infrastructure. The terms of malicious traffic, liability and its forms will defined, key components will be introducedRead MoreCyber Attacks And Its Effects On The Nation s Economy1965 Words   |  8 Pages Present day events have shown that cyber-attacks are becoming more prevalent and sophisticated on the internet especially against our nation’s Critical Infrastructures (CI). One of them being the U.S. electrical power grid is also a national security risk that is currently vulnerable to cyber threats from malicious actors on the intent of causing a power blackout. The lack of protection on the power grid can result in an operational nightmare that can cause other government entities or specificRead MoreCyber Security Is An Integral Aspect Of Life1859 Words   |  8 Pagesof businesses, the general public, and the government. Presently, the internet has become an integral aspect of life: transportation, communication, entertainment, medicine, shopping, and more than is logical to mention. Cyber security involves protecting information by preventing, identifying, and reacting to attacks. As successful as cyber security has been, there have been significant issues regarding i nformation policies, and security. Disregarding the overzealous conspiracy theories and theRead MoreInformation Technology Business Model Of The Organization1435 Words   |  6 Pages Cisco, Cloud, Data Center Transformation, Java, Microsoft, Mobility, Network Transformation, Open Source, Oracle, SAP, Security, and Smart Grid (Accenture.com, 2015). Cyber security and laws The US government has introduced a regulation for cybersecurity for all the companies in order to prevent cybercrime and protect their systems and information from cyber-attacks. Motive for majority of cyber-attacks are unauthorized access, stealing of intellectual property or confidential information and control

Friday, May 15, 2020

I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou Essay

Racism is a product of complex racial prejudice, that includes stereotyping and discrimination based on a particular view of the world of social interaction in which can be represented in social actions, practises or political systems. It is when a person is treated less favourably than another person in a similar situation because of their colour, descent, nationality or ethnic origin. And it still is happening today. One of the quotes that Maya Angelou spoke about goes â€Å"History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again.† In two of the poems written by Maya Angelou ‘I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings,’ which inspired millions of readers helped tackle difficulties related to themes such as racism, sexual abuse, equality. â€Å"Still I Rise† explores the idea of racial discrimination along with Abel Meeropol â€Å"Strange Fruit† and ‘Caged Bird’ which was sang by Alicia Keys relates to Angelou’s poem I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings. All four pieces of work addresses the issue of Racial Discrimination. The connections between them is what I will focus on. Regarding to one of the poems written by Abel Meeropol â€Å"Strange Fruit† that is probably one of the greatest poem written in American history explores the lynching that occurred in the Southern United States that took place during the early 20th Century. When Meeropol saw a photograph of the lynching when roaming around the States, this inspired him to write Strange Fruit. HeShow MoreRelatedI Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou1391 Words   |  6 PagesMaya Angelou’s debut autobiography is an article of literature that depicts the life of a young black girl growing up in a world pitted against her, and the resilience she found in herself in order to survive. Angelou is a voice that is not often heard. In a world dominated by a white male narrative, the plights of the minority are often overshadowed. Thus, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings is an imperative novel as it articulates the life of not only Angelou, but also of the unique experiences thatRead More I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings - Maya Angelou6502 Words   |  27 PagesAnalysis: Chapters 1–5 The lines from the poem Maya cannot finish, â€Å"What are you looking at me for? I didn’t come to stay . . .† capture two of the most significant issues she struggles with in her childhood and young adulthood: feeling ugly and awkward and never feeling attached to one place. First, Maya imagines that though people judge her unfairly by her awkward looks, they will be surprised one day when her true self emerges. At the time, she hopes that she will emerge as if in a fairy-taleRead MoreI Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou886 Words   |  4 PagesChampion of the World is a chapter in Maya Angelou s book I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings where the focal point describes a very significant event to the African American people during her adolescence. It shows a 1930’s black community fired up about a fight over racial resentment build up over the past years. The famous African American boxer, Joe Louis, it fighting for his title against a white contender. The story explains in detail the overwhelming amount of excitement and eagerness comingRead MoreI Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou1609 Words   |  7 PagesI Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou displays several characters who each own a voice that they make their own. Throughout the memoir, the reader learns about Angelou’s life, including the people that she grew up with as a child. One of the main characters that had a significant impact on Angelou as she was growing up was her brother, Bailey. Bailey helped Angelou understand the life around her as she was trying to navigate the world. He was a strong role model that she could look up toRead MoreEssay on I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou2409 Words   |  10 Pagesskin. Since they were evidently treated differently, many despised the fact that they were black. As a result of their helpless circumstances, it was understandable that many blacks during that time lacked confidence and sel f-acceptance. Maya Angelou was an African American girl who grew up during this challenging time. During her childhood, she witnessed and experienced racial prejudice first hand. She had difficultly understanding and accepting the consequences that accompanied belongingRead MoreI Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou Analysis840 Words   |  4 Pagesperson is none other than Maya Angelou. Angelou has been a famous American poet since the release of her 1969 autobiography, I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings. Angelou has inspired many people by telling her life story to the public, but not only did she inspire, she also created a very different and personal point of view of the world we live in. The poem’s she has written transition from pain and suffering or to courage and confidence. Nonetheless, even though Angelou wrote mostly about anguishedRead MoreMaya Angelou s I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings913 Words   |  4 Pages Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sin gs is an autobiography that describes the coming of age of a Southern black girl who overcomes society’s cruelty as she grows up. Taking place in Stamps, Kansas during the 1930s, the autobiography captures Marguerite Ann Johnson’s, or Maya’s, battle of finding herself and coming to terms with who she is while growing up in a time period comprised of oppression and discrimination. Furthermore, Maya endures many childhood hardships due to her race, and sheRead MoreMaya Angelou s I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings701 Words   |  3 PagesMaya Angelou: â€Å" I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings† In this poem Maya Angelou talks about the civil rights movement. She also express her personal life of what she went through such as being raped at the age of 6 by her mother’s boyfriend and also becoming mute for 5 years. She also states how she got pregnant and had to raise a child at 16. All these events led up to writing this poem from a caged bird that sings point of view. â€Å"Remembrance† In this poem Maya Angelou express how she was being rapedRead MoreMaya Angelou s I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings1888 Words   |  8 Pages Maya Angelou once said â€Å"We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated† and this phrase speaks volume in comparison to Angelou’s life story. She was born Marguerite Ann Johnson on April 4th, 1928, in St. Louis, Missouri. The name Maya was given to her by her older brother, Bailey Jr. Maya Angelou is not only a sister, but also an inspirational role model, a mother, an author, a poet, a civil rights activist, and an actor. In 1969 Angelou’s world renowned book â€Å"I Know Why the Caged BirdRead MoreI Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou2313 Words   |  10 Pagesknown as â€Å"Maya† sees beauty as being a blond white girl instead of an African American girl. Becoming a white girl is the only way she feels that she can escape the black hole that she feels she’s so constantly sucked int o. In the book, â€Å"I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings†, written by Maya Angelou, Marguerite states â€Å"I was going to look like one of the sweet little white girls who were everybody s dream of what was right with the world†(Introduction). Also, Marguerite states â€Å"Because I was really

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Apathetic, Morally Corrupt, Or Mentally Ill - 2033 Words

Apathetic, morally corrupt, or mentally ill is the image the general public constructs when discussing torturers. The frightening reality is a trio of instructor, torturer, and a need of information could resort to torture (Vos 288). The lack of legality has hindered and morphed the methods of torture and its frequency throughout history but has never achieved elimination. In the beginning of human civilization, the ancient rulers set up criminal procedures that demonstrates a low stage of intellectual development. The criminal procedure included the process known as the â€Å"Judgement of God† which includes these brutal methods: whoever can hold their arms in the form of a cross the longest, thrust their arm in to a pot of boiling water without being forced to, walk through flames and fire without scorched limbs, or when opposite limbs [right arm to left leg] are tied together then thrown into a pool or stream; whoever survives is the just party. The legal system pairs with the stage of intellectual development of the human race (Wellings 193-194). [THESIS STATEMENT] Physical Torture was implemented in judicial law in several cultures using similar methods until the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Article 3 in 1950. The main cause to inflict this form of torture is information extraction. Judicial torture was eliminated from â€Å"Germany in 1770†¦France [in] 1789, †¦ Netherlands [in] 1798, and †¦ Greece [in] 1827† (Hope 811) England and France wereShow MoreRelatedThe Psychology Of Suffering : Is It Morally Corrupt, Or Mentally Ill?2274 Words   |  10 PagesThe Psychology of Suffering The image the general public constructs when discussing torturers is apathetic, morally corrupt, or mentally ill. Contrary to the public beliefs, the frightening reality is that a trio of instructor, torturer, and a need of information could resort to torture (Vos 288). The lack of legality has hindered and morphed the methods of torture and its frequency throughout history but has never achieved elimination. In the beginning of human civilization, the ancient rulersRead MoreBhopal Gas Disaster84210 Words   |  337 PagesThree gas victims are on the fifth day of the hungerstrike, and the Prime Minis ter has found no time to meet us, despite getting two months notice.† All three sons of 50-yearold Shahida Bee are suffering from physical disorders. My first son fell ill when he was eight years old. My second son was born dead and with a half-formed skull. All the kids in our family are physically retarded,† said Shahida, a resident of Blue Moon colony in Bhopal. Explaini ng that they are forced to use the contaminatedRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagesas outside themselves, but they obey because they have learned and accepted those rules and laws, and they seek the respect of others. Principled individuals examine the rules and laws and develop a set of internal principles that they believe are morally right. If there is a choice to be made between obeying a law or obeying a principle, they choose the principle. Internalized principles supersede rules and laws in principled individuals. To understand the different levels of values maturity, considerRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesPower Distance and Innovation 420 An Ethical Choice Should All Sexual Behavior Be Prohibited at Work? 423 Myth or Science? â€Å"Corporate Political Activity Pays† 428 Self-Assessment Library How Good Am I at Playing Pol itics? 430 Point/Counterpoint Power Corrupts People 436 Questions for Review 437 Experiential Exercise Understanding Power Dynamics 437 Ethical Dilemma Corporate Spying 438 Case Incident 1 Delegate Power, or Keep It Close? 438 Case Incident 2 The Persuasion Imperative 439 xvi CONTENTS

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Marketing Strategy Report On Sanspareils Greenlands

Question: Discuss about the Marketing Strategy Report Based on Sanspareils Greenlands. Answer: Introduction This paper is a study report on the Sanspareils Greenlands (SG) business. It will present a study report on the four main areas. These areas will include introduction to the SG business and its business environment, production cost and sales, macro business environment and sustainability practice. Sanspareils Greenlands (SG) is txhe name of the business chosen to produce a business study report about. The SG made its nationwide debut in 1982 under the ambassadorship of Sunil Gavaskar. A great percentage of people might be acquainted with the SG cricket bats rather than the brand Sanspareils Greenland. The SG is located in India where it has remained a market leader in the cricket bat alongside cricket associated accessories in India based on the endorsement with such legends as Rahul Dravid and Sunil Gavaskar (Goyal, 2011). The SG is a manufacturing type of a business whereby it manufactures cricket equipment. It operates in Indian Domestic sports good market which is worth about Rs 200 crore besides all the potential to grow in the upcoming decade. The cricket associated commodities accounts for about seventy percentage of the entire market (Toffel, 2014). The market is primarily regarded as a cottage or small scale with the industry saturated primarily on Northern India. The export market is much bigger with an estimate figure of Rs 300 crore (Mallik Chowdhury, 2001). SG remains the largest exporter of the cricket products in India. It manufactures balls utilized in Test cricket as well as in the Ranji Trophy in India (Pretty, 2015). These ball have more prominent seam compared to the Kookaburra balls utilized for Test matches in the entire part of the globe with exemption of England and West Indies due to their thicker thread applied in stitching (Simpson Bradford III, 2006). The SGs factories have been in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh right from 1950. It has been exporting bats that are manufactured in Meerut to the United Kingdom as well as Australia for many of the international cricket brands. The Test balls of SG are handmade and have been used in the matches played in India since 1994 (Kilpatrick, 2010). The balls are charged at Rs 1149 each which is twenty percent the price of the competitor Kookaburra balls. SG also manufactures both Kashmir and English willow bats, gloves, Test criketworthy balls besides additional protective gear in Meerut. About one-thousand bats, five hundred pairs of gloves, four hundred pairs of pads as well as sixty dozen balls are manufactured per day at the clock-like pace factory in Meerut that are transported to large brands foreign like Reebok and Nike alongside the network of distribution in the Indias economy. The biggest brand ambassadors for SG brand are Suresh Raina and Virender Sehwag presently. The Company has been plagued by particular troubles with respect to competition that was escalating in sports commodities with the technically- ground-breaking commodities being mass-produced in economies such as China. This was the reason that made the SG to shift exclusively to the cricket gear in the 1960s that saw the brand being renamed and listed as SG in 1979 from the initial name Greenlands launched by Kedarnath. Technology became the essential to accomplishment in the 1980s following the inauguration of the double-finger-protection gloves. Such gloves were intended to assist Gavaskar following injuries. Moreover, there was a perfect blend of cork balls and cotswool that were easily adopted by the Board of Control for Cricket in India based on their best production quality in the game. However, the stiff competition in the sector will make the SG to up its game in fighting the Goliaths that has remained tough. The SG is the solely the authorized supplier of cricket balls to the BCCI in the domestic circuit. Nevertheless, the Companys cricket balls are facing the end of the road triggered by the competition from the Kookaburra, the global leader. Again the MRF is also competing with the SG after making an entry into the cricket bat production where people who see its logo in bats triggered a series of queries at sports good stores for the MRF bats. The venturing of MRF into bat making or marketing has tapped the potential thereby triggering stiff competition. Moreover, the endorsement of this is because by 2011, the SGs brand was invisible to the top-end customers coupled with the fact that as Indias economy matures with enormous-design stores, it shall be a dwindling market strategy and SGs market size might decline. A growing domestic market had been predicted for SGs products in 2011 for sports retailers enlarging operations of the Company in India. It is noted that SG shall have its solution in a tagline since it has developed up for decades Only the Best Survive being replaced by Believe, Become. The Indias bat industry has grown from a refugee camp to a multimillion-dollar businesses making this but-making industry to have several competition wars. The cricket makers in India besides the global sports firms have remained trapped in a struggle for the economys customers, 1 of the largest global market for these commodities (Haanaes et al. 2012). The market is a progressively brand-conscious whereby a lot suspends on the designation as well as the overseas ones enjoy increasing appeal. The cricket has endured through an effective profitable conversion over the previous 5 years saves to the Indian Premier League with a booming petite arrangements of games besides the triumph of the National Team of India (Caniato et al. 2012). The growing popularity of this game has culminated in a sustained competitive advantage to the Meerut workshops, which is a grimy city approximately eighty kilometers eastwards of New Delhi whereby the handmade bats are made for both the domestic market as well as export market. There is also an industrial bunch that produce badminton, leather balls and bats, hockey sticks as well as tennis nets being concerted in 2 unpleasant residential-style conurbations of the Sports of Goods Complex as well as the colony of Suraj Kund sports. The plank of willow remain fixed meters tall in streets to be shaped into the bats through workers sitting amongst the shavings of wood. Moreover, some remain cradling over brass hubs sewing the layers of such cricket balls (Misra Puri, 2005). The SG faces the major stiff competition from such big names specializing in the cricket supplies including SS and BDM. These are cottage industries with some being suppliers of the English bat brands of the Gray-Nicolls besides Gun Moore alongside Australias Kookaburra have remained shrugging off the worldwide economic recession. The revenue of the BDM has increased ten percent compared to the previous year. The Nelco is the subsequent door and an athletics gear manufacture which is exporting to fifty-seven nations, convalesced from the demanding family disagreement to increase incomes sixty percent. The indigenous cricket suppliers have also enlarged their operations into clothing, pads as well as helmets. The BDM that employs around three-hundred workers in Meerut owns outlets in the United Kingdom, Australia, Dubai, South Africa, as well as Sri Lanka. The industrialized maneuvers in the United Kingdom and South Africa are also being considered. The BDM supplies A to Z supplies of cricket with solely boots being subcontracted from China. The triumph of the sport industry in India is attributed to the cheap Indian labour as well as eminence English willow which are both difficult to duplicate. From the above information, the researcher is persuaded to believe that the SGs competitive environment where it operates is likely to be closer to perfect competition. This is because there are many players both local and foreign firms that manufacture the cricket and related products alongside many buyers or consumers in the sport industry buying or consuming these products (Lehtoranta et al. 2011). SG manufactures cricket and associated products that have a range of close substitutes provided by other industry players including the MRF, Nelco, BDM and SS among other global or foreign manufacturers (O'Rourke, Connelly Koshland, 2010). The cost of products is relatively low thereby affordable to the average income of the SGs customers. This is why the SG is able to charge less amount compared to its main competitors like Kookaburra and Slazenger. For example, the SG charges 20% of the price charged by Kookaburra which demonstrates that its products are cheaper. The demand curve facing SG is likely to be relatively elastic due to the existence of many substitutes just it would always happen a perfectly competitive market. The firm is, therefore, constrained and cannot mark up its price beyond the marginal cost as the competition is higher and hence uses the low price as mechanism to attract and retain customers. Production Cost and Scale SG faces both fixed and variable costs in its large production scale. Some of the fixed cost facing SG include utilities, rent, salaries, insurance, property taxes, amortization, and depreciation. Regarding the salaries, SG pays a fixed compensation amount to over 1,000 workers, irrespective of their hours worked. This cost is unlikely to vary much according to the quantity of goods produced or sold. The SG also faces the fixed utility cost of electricity and phones which has some variable element though largely fixed. Therefore, these cost are unlikely to change much irrespective of the goods produced or sold. The SG is also facing the property taxes charged by to its business by the local government that is anchored on the cost of its assets. Even though SG has several and expensive equipment for the production which attracts large amount of the property taxes, the cost remains insensitive to the amount of goods produced or sold. The firm also faces a fixed cost of depreciation for the many machines involved in the production. These equipment attracts a gradual charging to the expense of the cost of the tangible asset over the useful life of these assets. However, just like other fixed cost, the depreciation cost is unlikely to vary with the scale of production or sales. The SG is also under the insurance contract and hence incurs the fixed insurance cost which is periodically charged under such an insurance contract. The insurance cost is insensitive to the amount of goods produced or sold and hence SG has to pay for the insurance cost. This a cost that fluctuates with respect to the fluctuations in an operation or activity. In the SG business, the activity is usually the production volume, with sales volume being another probably triggering event. Therefore, the materials used by the SG as the components in its cricket and associated accessories are regarded as variable cost since they fluctuate directly with the quantity of units produced and sold. It is significantly useful to comprehend the proportion of variable cost in SG business because a high proportion implies that a business can continue to run at a relatively low revenue levels. On the other hand, a high production of fixed cost needs that the business uphold a high revenue level to remain operational. Accordingly SG faces the following variables cost: direct materials, piece rate labor, production supplies, billable staff wages, credit card fees and freight out just to mention a few (Goodstein, 2011). The direct materials used by the SG including willow are the most purely variable cost of all, as they are the raw materials that go into the bats products. These cost are likely to increase with the increasing production and sales. The SG also faces the piece rate labor variable cost that is the cost paid to workers for every unit completed thereby highly likely to increase with the increasing production and sales. The production supplies such as machinery oil are consumed in SG based on the amount of the machinery usage and hence such costs fluctuate with the volume of production. The SG also faces the credit card fees as a variable cost of production and these fees are solely charged to a business if it accepts credit card purchases from customers. Particularly, the firm incurs the credit card fees as a percentage of sales that are hence regarded as the variable cost and hence they are likely to increase with the increasing production volumes and sales volumes. Freight out is also incurred by the SG as a shipping cost only where it sells and ships out a product. The firm exports some of its products to the global market and hence incur freight out costs which vary with the fluctuating production and sales volume. From the above information on production cost, the likely overall cost structure of SG business can be determined by comparing the magnitude of fixed cost to that of the variable cost. In my view, the fixed cost of production are large relative to the variable cost as the SG is purely a manufacturing type of business with many fixed equipment for production and over 1000 workers. This, therefore, implies that the SGs optimal size is likely to be large. This is based on the definition of the firms price on the basis of the number of employees and hence a firm with over 1000 employees will definitely be ranked as a large firm. Macro Business Environment The SG operates in an Indian macroeconomic environment that can be determined by the four component economic system, anatomy and functioning of the economy, national economic planning and economic policy instruments. The economic system ranges from free market capitalism to planned socialism alongside their variants. The Indian economic environment is designated as mixed economy that has shifted from the accepted socialist path of development following Indias independence in 15th August 1947 whereby the state was playing a key role. The country adopted planning in 1951 which saw plans being implemented in the framework of a mixed economy within a firm interventionist state. SG is, therefore, operating in an environment that features a mixture of planning and market-determined price mechanism which is an admixture of plan stimulus as well as control alongside market efficiency. Regarding the anatomy and functioning of the economy it is easy to understand the structural characteristics of the Indian business environment- the interrelationship between various sectors of Indian economy that is primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. The SG operates in an economy that has undergone various structural changes. For example at the time of independence, the Indian economy was primarily agrarian but this has changed over time in terms of economic contribution from 55% of its GDP to 19.4% in 2007-08 of GDP. Also, a structural change has been witnessed in Indias industrial structure whereby it is noted the predominance of consumption goods-primarily durable goods-sector. The capital goods production, however, are being presently necessitated by the economic development. Employment trend has, however, remained unchanged substantially over the previous sixty years (Katz Shapiro, 2010). Currently, slightly over 56% of the entire population are engaged in the primary sector as compared to 100 years ago where it was 72% in 1900 thereby indicating stationary occupational trend (Burnside, 2011). The above structural changes comes with the change in the productivity structure whereby in the industrial sector, labor productivity is greater than agricultural sector. Regarding the national economic planning component, it has been regarded as method for managing Indias economy to solve the situation where Indias economy becomes complex as well as subject to fast fluctuations and transformation. For example, Indias Eighth Plan has been regarded as an indicative planning instead of conventional central planning variety (Hatch Dyer, 2014). Under such planning the market function but the state is assigned particular special responsibilities based on the earmarked areas of government action and planning. For example, the human resource development calls urgently for the government initiatives where it is argued that the most significant function of planning is to lobby for the poor in economic policy marking. Regarding the last component, economic policy instruments, SG operates in a microeconomic environment which calls for the adjustment of the prevailing economic policies of the government in the face of the changing environment internationally and domestically. The policy parameters include fiscal policy, trade policy, industrial policy as well as industrial policy. These policies are more appealing and effective than other where the macroeconomic environment of business fluctuates (Fletcher, 2013). In conclusion, SG operates in a political stable and liberalized free market-oriented economy. India has accepted the globalization as an irreversible process and the economy is being integrated more and more with the global economy. The general level of inflation rates in India can be accessed through the examination of consumer prices (Madhukar Nagarjuna, 2011). These prices have increased 3.63% year-on-year in November of 2016 after 4.2% rise in October and well below the market anticipation of 3.9%. This has been the lowest inflation rate since November 2014 where food inflation eased for the 4th straight month to 2.56%. The Inflation Rate in India averaged 7.5% from 2012 until 2016, hitting an all-time high of 12.7% in November of 2013 as well as a record low of 3.27% in November of 2014 (Besley, 2014). The rates of unemployment in India has declined to 4.9% in 2013 from the 5.2% in 2012. The unemployment rate in India averaged 7.32% from 1983 till 2013, hitting an all-time high of 9.4% in 2009 and a record low of 4.9% in 2013 (Krishna, 2013). From the above information, India is must get prepared for a recession in following the oil crash from $110 per barrel to $28 per barrel which even further expected to fall to $20 per barrel. Moreover, many product prices have crashed which gives clear indication of possible recession. SG exports its products to UK, US and other places. For example, the exchange rate for India to US is 1 Indian Rupee is equivalent to 0.015 US. Finally, the above information indicates that the SG main products are likely to be normal and hence the demand is probably to decrease during the recession (Fields, 2015). Thus, the economic climate of the economies in which mist of the SG customers live is likely to reflect well on the SG sales (Pastakia, 2013). This will likely make SG to face problems getting access to key factors of production such as willows due to the increased in prices thereby negatively affecting the SGs future operating costs. Sustainability Practice of SG The production by SG produces both negative and positive externalities. For example, some of the negative externalities arise from the industrial waste disposed by the SG manufacturing plants (Ascher, 2010). These negative production externalities include the pollution produced by a SG factory in Meerut which impose cost on others. The emission of gases or smoke from the factories leads to air pollution thus health risks to the people. The government has, however, ensured that the SG buys patent rights and taxed to meet the negative externalities created by them (van Hoof Lyon, 2013). The consumption of goods creates positive externalities to the cricket players and associated fans. These is because these players earn their income by using these products while the fans get entertained effectively. The sustainability practice by the SG is effective and this makes the much competitive in the industry. This will help them remain operational for long time as they get to attract and retain more loyal customers. Conclusion This paper has effectively investigated and presented a study report on the Sanspareils Greenlands (SG) business. It has shown four key areas of the Sanspareils Greenlands (SG) including SG business and its business environment, production cost and sales, macro business environment and sustainability practice. References Ascher, W. (2010). Why governments waste natural resources: policy failures in developing countries. JHU Press. Besley, T. (2014). How do market failures justify interventions in rural credit markets?. The World Bank Research Observer, 9(1), 27-47. Burnside, C. (2011). Production function regressions, returns to scale, and externalities. Journal of monetary Economics, 37(2), 177-201. Caniato, F., Caridi, M., Crippa, L., Moretto, A. (2012). Environmental sustainability in fashion supply chains: An exploratory case based research. International journal of production economics, 135(2), 659-670. Fields, G. S. (2015). Rural-urban migration, urban unemployment and underemployment, and job-search activity in LDCs. Journal of development economics, 2(2), 165-187. Fletcher, K. (2013). Sustainable fashion and textiles: design journeys. Routledge. Goodstein, E. S. (2011). Economics and the Environment. Wiley. Goyal, S. K. (2011). An integrated inventory model for a single supplier-single customer problem. The International Journal of Production Research, 15(1), 107-111. Goyal, S. K. (2015). Economic order quantity under conditions of permissible delay in payments. Journal of the operational research society, 36(4), 335-338. Haanaes, K., Reeves, M., von Streng Velken, I., Audretsch, M., Kiron, D., Kruschwitz, N. (2012). Sustainability nears a tipping point. MIT Sloan Management Review, 52(2), 69-74. Hatch, N. W., Dyer, J. H. (2014). Human capital and learning as a source of sustainable competitive advantage. Strategic management journal, 25(12), 1155-1178. Katz, M. L., Shapiro, C. (2010). Technology adoption in the presence of network externalities. The journal of political economy, 822-841. Kilpatrick, S. (2010). Community learning and sustainability: Practice and policy. Centre for Research and Learning in Regional Australia. Krishna, R. (2013). Unemployment in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 475-484. Lehtoranta, S., Nissinen, A., Mattila, T., Melanen, M. (2011). Industrial symbiosis and the policy instruments of sustainable consumption and production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(16), 1865-1875. Madhukar, S., Nagarjuna, B. (2011, February). Inflation and growth rates in India and China: A perspective of transition economies. In International Conference on Economics and Finance Research (Vol. 4, No. 97, pp. 489-490). Mallik, G., Chowdhury, A. (2001). Inflation and economic growth: evidence from four south Asian countries. Asia-Pacific Development Journal, 8(1), 123-135. Misra, S. K., Puri, V. K. (2005). Indian economy (Vol. 888). Himalaya Publishing House. O'Rourke, D., Connelly, L., Koshland, C. P. (2010). Industrial ecology: a critical review. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 6(2-3), 89-112. Pastakia, A. (2013). Grassroots ecopreneurs: change agents for a sustainable society. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 11(2), 157-173. Pretty, J. N. (2015). Regenerating agriculture: policies and practice for sustainability and self-reliance. Joseph Henry Press. Simpson, R. D., Bradford III, R. L. (2006). Taxing variable cost: environmental regulation as industrial policy. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 30(3), 282-300. Toffel, M. W. (2014). Strategie management of product recovery. California management review, 46(2), 120-141. van Hoof, B., Lyon, T. P. (2013). Cleaner production in small firms taking part in Mexico's Sustainable Supplier Program. Journal of Cleaner Production, 41, 270-282.

Monday, April 13, 2020

Name __Jack Jenkins____________ Essays - Chemistry, Matter, Nature

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Name __Jack Jenkins____________ Science Hour ______2nd ________ Element Superheroes Element Fact Sheet: | Symbol | Atomic Number | Atomic Mass | |Si |14 |28.0855 | | Number of | Number of | Number of Electrons| |Protons |Neutrons | | | | | | |14 |14 |14 | | Melting | Boiling |State of Matter at | |Point |Point |Room Temp. | | | | | |1414 C |2900 C |Solid | Classification: Nonmetal ? Metal ? Metalloid ( My element belongs to the Carbon group. Origin of name of element. Latin word "Silicis" or "Flint". Discovered by Jons Jacob Berzilius 1824 Key Ideas about the element: 1. Silicon is used to make some types of concrete and bricks. 2. Some iPhone cases are made out of silicon. 3. Power Balance bracelets re made out silicon. They are made from melted down original silicon. 4. Silicon is very important in the electrical industry, Silicon is a semi- conductor. 5. In the future silicon may replace coal as the main source of electricity. Element Superhero Name of Superhero: Silicon Man Superhero Slogan: Just like your friends, Silicon will always be there for you! | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ELEMENT SUPERHEROES RUBRIC SCORING SHEET: NAME: Jack Jenkins SCIENCE: ___2nd _____ 1. ELEMENT FACT SHEET (rough draft): _____/5 PTS 2. ELEMENT FACT SHEET (final) _____/20 PTS 3. DETAILED PICTURE OF SUPERHERO _____/10 PTS (including name, atomic # & atomic mass) 4. SUPERHERO SLOGAN _____/5 PTS 5. OVERALL WRITTEN EXPRESSION (final) _____/5PTS (this includes spelling, grammar, punctuation and neatness) 6. ORAL PRESENTATION _____/5PTS (Were you prepared? Did you paste your rough draft on the back of the picture and use the information during your presentation?) TOTAL: _____/50 PTS **BE SURE TO INCLUDE YOUR NAME, DATE, SUBJECT AND HOUR ON THE BACK SIDE OF YOUR FINAL PRODUCT.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

The Vietnam War (1955-1975) essayEssay Writing Service

The Vietnam War (1955-1975) essayEssay Writing Service The Vietnam War (1955-1975) essay The Vietnam War (1955-1975) essayThe Vietnam War is considered to be one of the most important events in the history of the United States. This event influenced the lives of millions of Americans because many citizens of the United States were enrolled in the army. According to statistical data, â€Å"Hundreds of thousands of U.S. soldiers were wounded and traumatized, and tens of thousands lost their lives† (Friedrichs 131). The war began in 1955 and ended in 1975. This historical period was the era of the Cold War, which was characterized by a lot of tension between the United States and Soviet Union. The Vietnam War took place in Vietnam, and was extended in Laos and Cambodia.The Vietnam War is also known as Vietnam Conflict and Second Indochina War. It was a prolonged struggle between nationalists aimed at unifying the territories of South and North Vietnam under a communist government and the United States with the South Vietnamese assistance aimed at preventing the sprea d of communism (Friedrichs 131). North Vietnam was backed by the People’s Republic of China, while South Vietnam was backed by the United States and defiant communist allies. American involvement in the Vietnam War can be explained as a way to prevent a communist takeover not only of South Vietnam, but also other countries.   In other words, the U.S. strategy was aimed at preventing the further spread of communism across the world (Friedrichs 131). The leaders of North Vietnam and the Viet Cong wanted to reunify Vietnam under communist government. As a result, they considered the military conflict as an example of the colonial war, which was fought initially against France, then against the United States as France was backed by the U.S.A. and, finally, against South Vietnam, which was the U.S. puppet state (Bostdorff    Goldzwig 520). According to Morena Groll, â€Å"it was the longest military conflict, which on top of everything ended in defeat for the Americans† (2). The United States was engaged in a war that many military and political experts analyzed as unnecessary war because of having no way to win. The U.S. political leaders lost the national support for the war because the U.S. citizens were against the war actions in Vietnam. Since the end of the Vietnam War, this event has become a benchmark for the U.S. leaders signifying what they should not do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts. According to researchers, â€Å"wartime disagreements about foreign policy persisted in the postwar period as Americans debated the proper ‘lessons’ of the war†(Hagopian 23).Thesis statement: Although the Vietnam War caused by the U.S. desire to stop the spread of communism had negative consequences on Americans, including social, economic and political consequences, this event helped to shape Modern World History.The Vietnam War: background informationThe Vietnam War has been widely discussed in the media and academic sources. In order to assess the role of the Vietnam War in shaping the Modern World History, it is necessary to refer to the causes, consequences and solutions to the military conflict. Special attention should be paid to the U.S. President’s policy. According to Denise M. Bostdorff   and Steven Goldzwig, â€Å"Kennedy’s rhetoric on Vietnam serves as an exemplar of how presidents balance idealistic arguments, which apply principles of genus to public problem-solving, and pragmatic arguments, which emphasize the efficacy or practicality of politics† (515). The idealistic appeals of President Kennedy provided legitimate support to his Vietnam policy, representing him as a â€Å"principled leader† (Bostdorff   Goldzwig 515). In other words, the U.S. President’s appeals helped him to avoid criticism of his foreign policy and explain the causes of slow progress.The major causes of the warNorth Vietnam was under the communist government and South Vietnam wasnt. Ho Chi Minh, the leader of the North Vietnam, wanted to spread communism in the whole Vietnam, uniting North Vietnam and South Vietnam. The leaders of the South Vietnam opposed the spread of communism. The United States took the side of South Vietnam, bringing the war in a different level (Hagopian 73). Thus, the major causes of the Vietnam War include three causes:To stop the spread of communism in Vietnam;As the French soldiers pulled out of war for a number of reasons, the U.S. was ready to take their place in the military conflict;The U.S. foreign policy was based on providing support to friend countries.There were several players in the Vietnam War: South Vietnam, North Vietnam, the USA, South Korea, People’s Republic of China, Russia.The major consequences of the warThe Vietnam War had an enormous impact on the life of Americans, including various spheres of public and private life. The consequences of the military conflict contributed to considerable changes in the U. S. foreign policy. Although the United States is considered to be the world’s greatest superpower, there are some negative effects of the U.S. President’s decision regarding the solutions to the Vietnam conflict. According to researchers, the United States â€Å"had entered Vietnam as a powerful, united nation certain of its cause and of victory† (Wiest 83). The defeat in the Vietnam War made millions of Americans reconsider and reassess the established beliefs and values. Besides the above mentioned facts, the country was left battered and depressed because of the uncertainty in the future policy, especially in the face of the complex challenges caused by the Cold War (Wiest 83).  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Moreover, the Vietnam War shaped the relations between the role of the political opinion of the public and the politics that was influenced by the media functioning during the military conflict in Vietnam. The legacy of the Vietnam War can be assessed by means of the statistical data, which affected the public opinion regarding the war. According to statistical data, â€Å"during the war in Vietnam the French lost some 76,000 dead and 65,000 wounded – while their allies lost 19,000 dead and 13,000 wounded, while American forces lost some 58,000 dead and over 300,000 wounded† (Wiest 83). The U.S. foreign policy was criticized during the war.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In addition, many historians, politicians and journalists indicted the established government policy, providing radically different opinions regarding the major causes of war and its consequences. The most popular journalists and historians were Bernard Fall, Robert Shaplen, John Lewis, George McT. Kahin and others. They provided severe criticism of the war’s efficiency (Marolda 767). The American movement against the Vietnam War promoted anti-war ideas and encouraged Americans to protest against American involvement in this military conflict. This movement influenced the decisions of Johnson’s administration, leading to the policy reversal in 1968. According to researchers, â€Å"during the Nixon administration, it hastened the U.S. troops withdrawals, continued to restrain the war, fed the deterioration in the U.S. troop morale and discipline† (Marolda 758).The major solutions to the warThe major solutions to the war are based on the fact that the Vietnam War was the most significant military conflict of the 20-th century. Although the war in Vietnam was rather small as it involved limited action of the United States, the â€Å"9 years of official American involvement in the war over 2 million Vietnamese and 58, 219 Americans lost their lives† (Wiest 5).In addition, the key military operations during the war were influenced by the relationships between the military and the civilians. Vietnam was the center of Cold War strategy. Different operations conducted during the Vietn am War were related to the tactics of the limited war. This strategy was criticized by the leaders of civilian society. There were limits set on the spread of the military conflict in Vietnam. Although the senior members of the U.S. military forces recommended expanding the scope of the military conflict, the U.S. presidents and their administrations opposed the expansion of freedom of action. Both the U.S. President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon Johnson used democratic solutions to the war (Hagopian 24).The importance of the event in Modern World HistoryThe Vietnam War plays an important role in Modern World History. This event has changed the minds of millions of people regarding the perception of war and the role of the U.S. involvement in the military conflict. According to researchers, â€Å"the Vietnam War and its perception were unprecedented in their entire dimension,† because of the considerable social and political changes that occurred during the military co nflict (Groll 2). More specifically, there were changes in the media perception due to the emergence of television as an effective tool of political thought and political socialization. During this period, television expanded and turned into the most influential source of information for all people. Television offered massive opportunities for the U.S. leaders, including the war coverage and the public perception. The Canadian philosopher of communication theory, Marshall McLuhan, states that â€Å"television brought the brutality of war into the comfort of the living room. Vietnam was lost in the living rooms of America – not on the battlefields of Vietnam†(qtd. in Groll 2).In fact, the Vietnam War is considered to be one of the most disliked wars in the history of United States. According to researchers, â€Å"the cost of this war was the death of 60 thousands Americans and 2 to 4 million Vietnamese deaths† (Rahman Marjan 23).   The considerable changes in the development of journalism during the period of Vietnam War led to the changed public perception of the war. According to researchers, â€Å"the story of Vietnam and how pictures of bloody fights, American casualties, and killed Vietnamese civilians turned around American public opinion and, eventually, led to the withdrawal of American troops, has become a classic† (Rahman Marjan 23). The majority of reporters provided cynical representation of the war. As a result, the mass media produced confusion among the U.S. citizens because people began to express political distrust to the government (Rahman Marjan 24).The Vietnam War (1955-1975) essay part 2

Monday, February 24, 2020

Rationale development exercise Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Rationale development exercise - Essay Example According to Lehne et al. (2011, p. 580), if there is little or not enough insulin to ease the glucose through the cell membranes of the cell, patients with T2DM will still be at risk for DKA. The finding of the DKA laboratory is that a higher BGL in excess of 14 mmol/L is an indication of insulin deficit. Her BGL ranged from 18-23 mmol/L. Continuous mobilization of fatty acids and hyperglycemia occur as a result of deficiency of insulin. Utilization of the fatty acids allows the development and buildup of ketones that can cause acidosis. It is therefore, incorrect to assume that Mrs. Langerhan’s diagnoses on discharge will include T1DM because she will now be classified as insulin dependent. Although she is categorized as insulin dependent, she will not be diagnosed as T1DM because the features and cataloguing of both T2DM and T1DM are different. When classifying T2DM, we use relative insulin deficiency and for the case of T1DM we use absolute insulin deficiency (LeMone et al. 2011, p. 578). In Mrs. Langerhans case, the insulin produced in her body is not enough; therefore there is likelihood for hyperglycemia to develop. The development will be due to lack of control of her T2DM, earlier non-compliance with diabetic history, hypoglycemic medication procedure, and also the usage of IV solution comprising dextrose on admittance. However, since her body can still produce insulin, though in small portions she cannot be diagnosed with T1DM. The RN administers Mr. Nexium IV metoclopramide that is the first anti-emetic given according to most post-operative nausea and vomiting procedures. IV metoclopramide is given to most post-operative patients in to reduce abdominal swelling postoperatively, to reduce strain on the wound and assist respiration. It also helps to expand the stomach, during surgery particularly the upper abdominal surgery when a bloated stomach obstructs the operation. The justification she